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The World Food Programme (WFP) is the largest humanitarian organization in the world, established in Rome in 1962. This Programme of the United Nations provides food assistance in order to fight hunger. In emergencies, it intervenes to provide relief to the victims of wars, civil conflicts and natural disasters. Once the emergency is over, the organization helps people rebuild their lives and that of the communities in which they live, with a particular focus on the development of food resilience in the affected communities.
Every year, WFP provides food to about 80 million people in 82 countries worldwide, including 66.8 million women and children, 6.7 million refugees, 14.8 million displaced persons, 800 thousand returnees and 800 thousand HIV / AIDS affected subjects. WFP is particularly active in infant nutrition, and supports an ambitious school meals project that involves 20-25 million children in 63 countries each year.
WFP’s staff is made up of around 15,000 people, most of whom work in the field. For its logistic operations, it has a fleet of 20 ships, 70 airplanes and 5,000 trucks. In addition, WFP serves the international humanitarian community through the provision of logistics services including air transport with the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS), which reaches over 250 destinations worldwide.

WFP is managed by the Executive Board, a governance body made up of the representatives of 36 Member States, elected in rotation by the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and by the FAO Council. The Programme is led by an Executive Director, jointly elected by the UN Secretary General and the Director General of FAO, who is responsible for administering WFP and implementing programs, projects and any other activities of the organization, and remains in office for five years.
Since April 2017, the Executive Director of WFP is the US citizen David Beasley.
WFP also has a Deputy Executive Director (the Sudanese / English Amir Mahmoud Abdulla) and three Vice - Executive Directors (the US citizen Valerie Guarnieri for operations, the Indian Manoj Juneja for resources management, the German Ute Klamert for partnerships, governance and advocacy).

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In addition to ensuring the necessary logistical support to get food aid to its destination as soon as possible, WFP works to ensure that the problem of food insecurity in crisis situations is placed at the center of the international political agenda, promoting strategies, programs and projects directly benefiting the most needy.
The 2017-2021 Strategic Plan aligns WFP with the Agenda 2030, making WFP one of the main international actors - together with FAO and IFAD – specifically working towards the Sustainable Development Goal 2 ("Zero Hunger"), 1 ("Zero Poverty" ") and 17 ("Partnerships for achieving the objectives "). In its activities, WFP responds to food emergencies through direct assistance or by strengthening national capacities in crisis management ('capacity building'), assists countries to ensure that no one is left behind (as recommended by the Agenda 2030), at the same time concentrating its efforts on the development of resilience for food security and nutrition and on the challenges posed by climate change.
The main goals envisioned in the Strategic Plan are:
- To help countries achieve zero hunger and eliminate all forms of malnutrition (SDG 2), by protecting access to food, improving nutrition and achieving food security;
- Building partnerships to support the achievement of the Goals (SDG 17).
The implementation of the 2017-2021 Strategic Plan must be adapted to local contexts, capacities and partnerships (local ownership).

Besides the provision of food aid to respond to emergencies, WFP concentrates its post-emergence and development operations (resilience-building operations) on projects and programs aimed at preventing hunger from perpetuating itself, breaking the vicious circle that causes it.
The main programs are:
-School Feeding: the provision of school meals encourages families to send their children to school, contributing above all to the increase in the number of girls who receive school education;
- Analysis on food security: a network of over 150 analysts around the world are committed to monitoring the global food insecurity situation, allowing the analytical mapping of food vulnerable groups and causes of vulnerability (Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping, VAM);
- Food for Assets and Food for Training: distribution of food rations in exchange for useful work towards the development of the community (e.g.: construction of irrigation systems capable of increasing agricultural production), learning of crafts (e.g., beekeeping, sewing etc.) or literacy courses;
- Purchase for Progress (P4P): purchase of local foodstuffs to facilitate access to the local small farmers market;
- Support to the development of sustainable ecosystems to combat food vulnerability and unsustainable management of scarce resources;
- Prevention and resilience to the effects of climate change: through analyses that highlight the links between food security and climate risks, and the impact of climate change on food security and nutrition; through greater investments in 'preparedness', to mitigate risks and make emergency assistance more effective;
- Cash & Voucher: transfers of cash, vouchers or electronic cards (to be used in affiliated shops) to purchase food in a given quantity or for a certain value. These programmes are implemented when the problem is access to food and not its availability;
-Disaster Risk Reduction: to mitigate the effects of disasters on food security, reaching about 80 million people in 60 countries each year. The Programme implements activities such as land and water conservation, development and rehabilitation of flood protection infrastructure and road restoration, and helps governments to implement advanced food safety monitoring systems with market-related indicators, nutrition and food security and risks;
- Support to the South-South Cooperation: WFP has supported governments through South-South and triangular cooperation (direct exchange of knowledge, experience, skills, resources and technical know-how among developing countries);
- Nutrition: WFP is firmly committed to SUN (Scale Up Nutrition) and REACH, in collaboration with FAO, UNICEF and WHO. The main operations underway are in Bangladesh, Burundi, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
WFP was among the first organizations to invest in innovative emergency preparedness and pre-alert systems on a global scale and has led the work for the application of innovative risk insurance tools in agriculture, such as index insurance .

WFP is exclusively financed on a voluntary basis, with contributions from governments, private companies and individuals. The agency receives donations in the form of money, food (flour, beans, oil, salt, sugar, etc.) and equipment to grow, store and cook food. For the implementation of its programs, WFP retains a portion of the funds received for management and monitoring.
In 2018, the budget amounted to USD 7,2 billion. As of January 2018, WFP is managing humanitarian emergencies in Bangladesh / Myanmar, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kasai region), Nigeria, South-Sudan, Syria and Yemen.

WFP works with 5 types of partners:
1. National governments:
The governments of the countries in which WFP operates are the main partners. Coordinating and cooperating with them is essential both in the emergencies and in development and reconstruction projects.
2. RBAs Collaboration (WFP-FAO-IFAD)
The three United Nations agencies based in Rome - WFP, FAO and IFAD - constitute the ‘agro-food pole' and work together to achieve SDG 2, promoting food security, sustainable agriculture and better nutrition. The collaboration among the RBAs is stronger thanks to a joint document presented in the last quarter of 2016 to the respective Boards. The document is beginning to implement 'global advocacy' activities and, in international political forums, the goals of the Agenda 2030, along with financial inclusion and the fight against climate change.
3. Other UN agencies
WFP also collaborates with other UN agencies, such as UNHCR and UNICEF, using their technical skills and non-food resources, both in crisis situations and in development programs. This collaboration allows to respond more effectively to the specific needs of certain categories of people such as refugees and children.
4. NGOs
Non-governmental partners are critically important, as they can help organize transport, store or distribute food on behalf of WFP, as well as collaborate on projects to strengthen resilience. WFP collaborates with over 2,800 NGOs.
5. Companies and individuals
WFP promotes cooperation with the private sector. This is a partnership that can be valuable both in terms of economic resources and expertise in sectors such as transport, food, ICT, logistics and human resources.